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Uncovering the Latest Cybercrime Tactics: Law Enforcement and Altcoins in Kazakhstan

In a joint effort to combat cybercrime and stay ahead of evolving digital threats, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) recently organized a comprehensive training course on cryptocurrencies and Darknet investigations. The course was hosted by the Law Enforcement Academy under the Prosecutor General’s Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan from June 19th to June 23rd.

A Timely Initiative

With Kazakhstan’s growing crypto-use and its status as a major Bitcoin mining hub, this training couldn’t have come at a better time. Vice-Rector of the Prosecutor General’s Law Enforcement Academy Maralbek Eshimov emphasized the need for training law enforcement professionals to deal with the rising usage of cryptocurrencies in criminal activity.

The course was attended by around 20 individuals from various law enforcement institutions, including members from the Prosecutor General’s Law Enforcement Academy, as well as participants from the Ministry of Internal Affairs’ Almaty and Karaganda Academies.

Course Details

The course was divided into several sections, with each section focusing on a specific aspect of cybercrime involving cryptocurrencies and Darknet investigations.

Section 1: Blockchain Basics

The first section laid the groundwork for understanding blockchain technology and digital currency. Participants were introduced to concepts such as decentralized networks, consensus mechanisms, smart contracts, and various types of tokens.

Section 2: The Darknet Ecosystem

In this part of the course, attendees learned about how criminals operate within the Darknet ecosystem. Topics included anonymous browsing using Tor, hidden services like marketplaces or forums, cryptocurrency tumblers, and tactics used by criminals to evade law enforcement.

Section 3: Investigative Techniques

Participants were taught efficient methods for searching and investigating within the Darknet. This included using advanced search engines, monitoring forums and marketplaces, analyzing transaction data on the blockchain, and tracing cryptocurrency flows.

Section 4: Legal Frameworks

Lastly, the course delved into legal frameworks and international cooperation when dealing with cybercrime cases involving cryptocurrencies. Attendees were provided with an overview of existing legislation in Kazakhstan and other countries, as well as guidelines for conducting cross-border investigations.

Personal Anecdotes

During the training, one law enforcement officer shared a story about how he had been involved in a recent case where criminals were using cryptocurrencies to launder money. The officer explained that attending this course had given him a better understanding of how to approach such cases in the future.

Another participant mentioned that they had previously been hesitant to deal with cryptocurrency-related cases due to lack of knowledge. However, after attending this course, they felt more confident in investigating and prosecuting criminals who use digital currencies for illicit activities.


The joint training by UNODC and OSCE was a significant step towards equipping law enforcement professionals in Kazakhstan with the necessary skills to combat cybercrime involving cryptocurrencies. As digital threats continue to evolve, such initiatives will play a crucial role in ensuring that law enforcement agencies can stay ahead of criminals who exploit emerging technologies for nefarious purposes.